Scientific name-Foeniculus vulgaris
Fennel belongs to family Umbelliferae or Apiaceae.It is commonly known as the carrot or parsely family.Fennel is an expensively cultivated winter herb.Herbaceous plant reaches upto 2meters in height with deep green feathery leaves and bears golden -yellow flowers in umbels.Seeds are harvested when their seeds heads turns light – brown.
Fennel is an aromatic herb used as spices with sweet to taste,generally eaten for improving taste and digestion.Its roots are tap-root and branched.Its stem is erect ,branched ,hollow,herbaceous and ribbed with somewhat swollen nodes.Leaves alternate,compound ,petiolate and herbaceous,
Fennel seeds are concentrated source of minerals like copper,iron,calcium,potassium,manganese,selenium,zinc and manganese.Copper is required in the production of red blood cells.Iron is required for formation of red blood cells.Zinc is a co-factor in many enzymes that regulate growth and development.Potassium is an important component of cell and body fluids that helps in controlling heart rate and blood pressure .Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the powerful anti-oxidant enzymes.
Fennel seeds are the store house for many vital vitamins.It has medicinal as well as culinary uses,used in Indian cooking.It has many health benefitting nutrients,minerals and vitamins,have been utilized for treating indigestion,diarrhea,colic and respiratory ailments.It is beneficial for eye problems,in digesting food,preventing gas formation,improving taste of mouth ,weight loss and aging.
Store fennel dry seeds in a clean air -seal or air tight container in a cool,humid dark place to prevent evaporation of its essential oils.Fennel should not be eaten in excess as they can be harmful.Buy